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The tribal heroes as a group: history.

The tribal heroes as a group: mythology.

The individual heroes: Ajax.

The individual heroes: Aigeus.

The individual heroes: Akamas.

The individual heroes: Antiochos.

The individual heroes: Erechtheus.

The individual heroes: Hippothoon.

The individual heroes: Kekrops.

The individual heroes: Leos.

The individual heroes: Oineus.

→ The individual heroes: Pandion.

Images of the heroes: sculpture.

Images of the heroes: paintings.

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Athenian Political Art from the fifth and fourth centuries: Images of Tribal (Eponymous) Heroes 

Amy C. Smith, edition of January 18 2003

page 13 of 16

· The individual heroes: Pandion ·

Pandion (tribe: Pandionis)

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Hesiod (Hes. WD.).
Sappho (Sappho 86D).
Hesiod (Hes. WD).
Homer (Hom. Od.).
Apollodorus (Apollod.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Sophocles (Soph. TGrF).
Hyginus (Hyg. Fab.).
Scholia (Sch. Aristoph.).
Aristophanes (Aristoph. Kn.).
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Mythology: There were at least two Attic kings named Pandion. The first, successor and son of Erichthonios (Marm. Par. A 11) and Praxithea (Apollod. 3.14.6) was husband to Zeuxippe, with whom he fathered Erechtheus (Marm. Par. A 15), Boutes, Prokne, and Philomela (Apollod. 3.14.8; for Prokne see Hes. WD. 568; Sappho 86D; and Palermo 12480 [ARV2 1249.21]; for Philomela see also Hes. WD 566 [in Hom. Od. 18.518 she is daughter of Pandareos]). The second, son of Kekrops II (Marm. Par. A 17) and Metiadousa (Apollod. 3.15.5; Paus. 9.33.1) was expelled by Metion to Megara, where he married a daughter of King Pylas (Apollod 3.15.5; Paus. 1.5.3), and fathered Lykos, Pallas, Nisos, and Aigeus (FGrH 329 F 2; Soph. TGrF 4.24). Pandion is elsewhere mentioned as father of Teithras (Sch. Aristoph. Frogs 477) and Kephalos (Hyg. Fab. 270) and is credited with instituting the form of the Choes (Sch. Aristoph. Ach. 961; Aristoph. Kn. 95).

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Pausanias (Paus.).
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Worship: Pandion was worshipped by the fourth century on the Acropolis (IG II2, 1138, 1144, 1157; Paus. 1.5.4). Pandion may have been worshipped at Plotheia, where games in his honor (?), the Pandia, were celebrated (IG I3, 258.9); he probably also received a sacrifice as founder of the Pandia (Kearns 1989, 81). Pandion received worship outside Attica, at his tomb in the cave Sanctuary of Athena Aithyia in Megara. He also received a monument in Megara (Paus. 1.5.3, 1.39.4, and Paus. 1.41.6).

G.P. Stevens has identified a Monument of Pandion in the Agora (see the line drawing above).

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