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The tribal heroes as a group: history.

The tribal heroes as a group: mythology.

The individual heroes: Ajax.

The individual heroes: Aigeus.

The individual heroes: Akamas.

The individual heroes: Antiochos.

The individual heroes: Erechtheus.

→ The individual heroes: Hippothoon.

The individual heroes: Kekrops.

The individual heroes: Leos.

The individual heroes: Oineus.

The individual heroes: Pandion.

Images of the heroes: sculpture.

Images of the heroes: paintings.

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Athenian Political Art from the fifth and fourth centuries: Images of Tribal (Eponymous) Heroes 

Amy C. Smith, edition of January 18 2003

page 9 of 16

· The individual heroes: Hippothoon ·

Hippothoon (tribe: Hippothontis)

Read about the evidence
Hesiod (Hes. fr.).
Pausanias (Paus.).
Euripides (Eur. Alope).
Choirilos (Choirilos Alope).
Aristophanes (Aristoph. Birds).
Hyginus (Hyg. Fab.).
Plot on a Map
Eleusis (in text as “Eleusinian”).

Mythology: Hippothoon was mentioned along with Eumolpos and Dolichos as an Eleusinian hero in Hes. fr. 227 M-W (and is shown at the mission of Triptolemos on vases). He was the son of Poseidon and Alope (Hellanicus FGrH 323a F 6; Hyg. Fab. 187; Paus. 1.39.3); his birth and mother’s subsequent death appeared in several tragedies (Eur. Alope; Choirilos Alope; cf. Aristoph. Birds 559). According to Hyg. Fab. 187, Hippothoon received Theseus into his ancestral lands after he had killed Kerkyon.

Read about the evidence
Pausanias (Paus.).
Plot on a Map

Worship: Hippothoon was worshipped at Eleusis, according to honorary decrees dating to the fourth century (IG II2, 1149, 1153), and a heroon of Hippothoon is attested (Paus. 1.38.4; IG II2, 1163).

Tribal connection: Hippothoon’s priests were connected with the Eleusinian Mysteries (see, e.g. Palermo V 779 [ARV2, 496.5]), and were dictated by heredity rather than chosen from among the tribe (Agora 15, 132 and 261).

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